T h e Ko k ko l a I n d u s t r i a l P a r k a n d t h e P o r t o f Ko k k o l a ’s SAFETY GUIDE 1
T he Kokkola Industrial Park and the Port of Kokkola are pioneers in matters of safety. Their success is a result of practical collaboration between companies. 2
POISON INFORMATION CENTRE (09) 471 977, (09) 4711 PORT TOWER Satamatie 330, 67900 Kokkola Control room: (06) 828 6813, information centre: (06) 828 6814 CONTENTS 1. Welcome.................................................................... 4 2. Moving in the area and general regulations................ 5 3. Working in the area.................................................... 7 4. Summary of responsibilities and obligations.............. 13 5. Neglecting the safety instructions.............................. 15 6. Instructions for environmental protection................. 16 7. Instructions for fire protection..................................... 18 8. Dangerous goods........................................................ 20 9. Properties of dangerous substances........................... 23 10. Actions in the case of a chemical accident................ 27 11. Actions when the alarm sounds................................. 28 12. Calling for help......................................................... 30 13. Area Map, south....................................................... 32 14. Area Map, north....................................................... 34 3 CO N TAC T INFO R M ATION & CON TE N TS EMERGENCY NUMBER
WELC OM E The Kokkola Industrial Park aims to be a pioneer in occupational safety. Our common goal is to have a safe and healthy working environment. To achieve this goal, every person has to be committed to safety work. This guide contains instructions and regulations that must be followed by every person working in the industrial park. You can also download this guide to your mobile phone by using this QR code. The instructions and regulations are based on the general principles of operation followed at the industrial park and the port. In addition to the general instructions provided in the guide, you must follow any separate working and safety instructions, such as instructions for working at different stations, the work permit system and fire safety instructions, and also use common sense. The legislation also includes requirements concerning the operations (such as safety data sheets). The most important references used when writing this guide include the legislation and port regulations: 4 • Railway Act 304/2011 • Rescue Act 379/2011 • Ship and Port Facility Security Act (ISPS) 485/2004 • Occupational Safety and Health Act 738/2002 • Government Decree on the Transport and Temporary Storage of Dangerous Goods in a Port Area 251/2005 • Act on Oil Pollution Response 1673/2009 • Criminal Code 39/1889 • Port Regulations (approved of by the Kokkola City Council on 30 January and 20 February 2006) The safety guide is intended for the use of all people working in the industrial park and the port. Each supplier must make sure that their employees and the employees of any subcontractors are familiar with the guide and that they follow its instructions in their work. Entrance to the area through the Port Tower The sites of the industrial companies, as well as the port area, are surrounded by fences. All vehicular and pedestrian traffic should always enter through the Port Tower. Each host is responsible for informing the Port Tower of the arrival of any visitors, and these will receive a visitor pass when reporting in.
Monitoring The area is monitored by access control systems and recording surveillance cameras. The Port Tower functions as the control centre for the area. The companies and suppliers operating in the area are responsible for the locking of any premises they use. Access control Presence in the area is subject to permission, and all persons present in the area are required to have an access permit. This can be an access key, a driving permit or a visitor pass. The access key and driving permit are personal, and they may not be transferred to another person or vehicle. Entries to and exits from the area are registered through an access point reader. Pedestrians and cyclists access the area through revolving gates. Motor vehicles and their drivers enter through the vehicle gate. All passengers are required to sign in, using their personal access key. Traffic General highway codes apply in the area. In addition, any instructions given by the personnel in the Port Tower must be followed. 5 MOVI N G I N THE AR E A A ND GENER A L R EG UL AT I ONS A lways go to Port Tower first. Hosts, don’t forget to provide notification of any visitors sufficiently early!
M OVI NG I N THE AR E A A ND GENER A L R EG UL AT I ONS V ehicular access to the industrial area is only allowed with a driving permit from the Port Tower. Unless otherwise indicated by a traffic sign, the speed limit in the area is 30 km/h. Speed control is practiced regularly. Seat belts must be fastened in vehicles with seat belts fitted. When walking or cycling, always use the pedestrian and bicycle ways. Entrance to the area in a vehicle is only permitted to people in possession of a driving permit received from the Port Tower, and they must use the marked routes. The permits are primarily granted for the transportation of goods and for emergency purposes. Parking is allowed only in indicated places. If needed, ask for a daily parking permit for the visitor places from the Port Tower. Always use a flashing yellow light or hazard lights when driving out6 side the marked routes. Also take into consideration any trestle bridges and sewage, underground water and other networks in the area. Don’t forget that various machines, trains, trucks carrying dangerous goods and other vehicles also move in the area. Many railway level crossings are unmonitored. Trains and other railway traffic always have the right of way, regardless of relevant booms, lights and other alarm devices. Do not start to cross a railway when a train is approaching, lights instruct you to stop, a special alarm sounds or a boom is lowered. The area of the rails has to be kept clear for at least 3 metres on both sides. At a level crossing, the visibil-
• have any required permits and have completed any company-specific trainings required for the task. Loading and unloading Smoking When in the area, drivers must remain by their vehicles, unless they need to leave its vicinity in order to fetch a load. Safety regulations also apply to passengers. Each driver takes full responsibility for any passengers. If you notice a dangerous condition or situation or an accident, notify loaders or the personnel at the gate immediately. In the case of a general alarm or an accident, leave your vehicle to its location with keys in the ignition and proceed without delay to the nearest meeting place. Smoking is only permitted in indicated places. Smoking at the Port of Kokkola is strictly forbidden in places with a prohibition sign. Smoking in vehicles is prohibited. Always practice caution. Parking on railways or crane rails is forbidden. When parking in the dock area, make sure that cranes and trains have freedom of movement. Photography and filming Photography and filming without permission is not allowed. For information about parties that can grant permission, please contact the Port Tower. Mobile phones The use of mobile phones is prohibited in areas and premises with an EX sign. To use a mobile phone, park your vehicle in a safe place, where it will not disturb other traffic. General To be allowed to work in the industrial area and the port, you must possess the professional skills required for the task. In addition, you need to • have completed the safety training for the area • have a valid occupational safety card • have completed general safety training, if available Intoxicants There is a zero tolerance policy in the area for any intoxicants. A person who violates this policy will be removed from the area, and his/her 7 WOR KI NG I N T H E A R EA ity in the direction of the rails must be unobstructed for at least 120 metres, both ways.
WOR KI NG I N T H E A R EA employer will be informed of the matter. The work permit system Note! Many wells, sewers, channels and basement pits have the same toxic, suffocation and explosion risk as containers. The companies operating in the area use written work permits. The purpose of the work permit system is to ensure the safety of the worker and the item worked on, both when and after the work is performed. Work permits are granted by the party ordering the work to be performed. A hot work permit and hot work plan are required for any hot work. To participate in hot work, you must have a valid hot work permit. Hot work refers to work during which sparks are created or a flame or another source of heat is used and which involves a risk of fire. A written work permit from the person in charge at the department in question is required for any repair, maintenance and installation work in the area. Work requiring a permit may not be started until the person in charge has given the permit. When entering or exiting a work site, you must notify the relevant party as per the instructions given. The hot work permit specifies who the hot work guard to perform patrol duties is, as well as how long the patrol time is. Detailed instructions on performing hot work are provided in the hot work monitoring plan. Before starting the work, pay attention to the location and condition of any automatic fire detectors and extinguishers on the premises. A task-specific permit for a closed space is required for work in containers and other closed spaces. Before starting work in a closed space, make sure that the space is ventilated, that unloading material into the space has been prevented and that the accidental starting of any devices has been prevented. Never work in a container alone – for security purposes, there must always be another qualified person outside. Tank trucks must also comply with this instruction. A permit is required for any work to be carried out on or near the rails. For the contact information of parties that can grant permission, please contact the Port Tower. 8 A permit may also be required for other special work in the area, such as work on piping or the use of a crane. A separate work permit is also required for working on roofs and for waterproofing. These permits are given in conjunction with the work permit.
Clothing and helmets A helmet and work clothes with a CE marking that are suitable for the task in question must be worn when working in the area or in the port. High-visibility clothing is also required in the port area and on construction sites, as well as in other places, if called for by the task to be performed. Each host is responsible for providing their visitors with protective clothing. Also take into consideration any requirements for premises with an explosion risk. Face and eye protectors Respiratory protective equipment, face masks and eye protectors must be worn in accordance with the safety signs present in various premises in the area. Protective goggles and/ or a face mask that provide full coverage are recommended in work that requires good protection, such as when handling corrosive chemicals or other chemicals that can be harmful to the eyes and skin (such as acids). A face mask must be worn when performing tasks that involve a risk of explosion, electric arcs or discharge of steam. Hearing protectors Hearing protectors must be worn in the area when the noise level is over 85 dB(A). Signs have been placed in such areas. The manual for a machine or other equipment might also include requirements regarding hearing protection. Respiratory protective equipment Appropriate respiratory protective 9 WOR KI NG I N T H E A R EA R emember: an access permit is not a work permit!
WOR KI NG I N T H E A R EA A written work permit is required for any excavation work. equipment must be worn when handling goods that are harmful to the health. The customer will provide guidance in the use of such equipment. Safe use of respiratory protective equipment calls for enough oxygen in the surrounding atmosphere. If necessary, check the oxygen content through appropriate measurements. to task-specific protection when handling chemicals. Protective footwear Feet must always be protected with suitable, approved safety shoes. Also take into consideration any requirements for premises with an explosion risk (antistatic footwear). Starting work Protective overalls Protective overalls are recommended when performing work that requires good protection. The need for a protective overall may be specified in the working instructions or a work permit, for example. Protective gloves Hands must always be protected with gloves suitable for the work to be performed. Pay special attention 10 Before beginning any work, acquaint yourself with the general safety, environmental protection and fire protection instructions. The person in charge of the site will also provide site-specific safety orientation. Subcontractors are responsible for the orientation of their employees.
Ensuring the safety of a work site If the work to be performed can pose a threat to other people in the area, the work site must be sealed off. Typical items to be dealt with include holes, objects that may fall, risk of splashing, lifting performed during maintenance, and construction sites. Sealing off a work site must be agreed upon in advance with a representative of the customer. The marks indicating a sealed-off area must be removed by the party that put them in place – no-one else is allowed to remove these marks. Sources of radiation If you need to work near sources of radiation, make sure that you remain outside the radiation range or that the sources have been completely protected. Fall protection A safety harness must be worn whenever work is performed at a height of over 2 metres, unless the risk of falling can be eliminated by another manner. Neglecting to wear fall protection equipment results in prohibition from working. This also applies to work performed on top of vehicles. Scaffolds, ladders and working platforms Scaffolds used must comply with regulations. They must be inspected and equipped with a scaffold card before use. Before climbing onto a scaffold, make sure that it has been inspected and is safe to use. Ladders are only intended as a temporary point of access. When using ladders, it must be ensured that employees can maintain a safe grip and use them for support at all times. Carrying a load in one’s hands should not prevent one maintaining a safe grip on the ladder. A stepladder should not be used as a working platform. Lifting Only inspected and approved lifting equipment and auxiliary devices should be used for lifting. Inspection 11 WOR KI NG I N T H E A R EA • Always report to the person in charge of the site and explain what you are going to do. • Make sure that you have the necessary work permits. • Acquaint yourself with the safety instructions for the area, department and task. • Find out what risks are involved in the chemicals used at the site and what other risks are present in the working environment. • Find out the location of first aid supplies, protective equipment, exits, meeting places and the nearest emergency shower.
WOR KI NG I N T H E A R EA U se of a hoist is subject to permission from the manager of the area in question. For contact information, please contact Port Tower. markings should follow the inspection colour cycle determined by the Centre for Occupational Safety. YEAR 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 nesses must be kept in the designated place. A lifting plan is required for demanding lifting work. A written permission from the employer, as well as sufficient, hoist-specific training and competence, are required for personnel lifting. INSPECTION COLOUR Yellow White Green Orange Blue General safety Always check that ropes, chains, steel cables and other lifting equipment are intact and that they are strong enough to carry the load to be lifted. If necessary, seal off the lifting area and arrange guarding before starting the work, to ensure that no-one passes under the load. To prevent any damages, lifting har- 12 An employee has the right to refuse work that poses a serious risk to the life or health of the employee or others. If you notice that a safety device is missing or that there is a risk of an accident, eliminate the immediate danger. The customer must be informed immediately of any anomalies and safety risks.
Cleaning of the work site is a part of any task. Whilst working, ensure that any passages remain clear and that the site is tidy. The surroundings of emergency showers and extinguishing equipment must always be kept clear. Supervisor’s obligations and responsibilities A supervisor monitors that instructions are followed. He/she is also responsible for safety matters, such as ensuring that • appropriate working instructions have been given • instructions and regulations are followed • the necessary guidance and training are provided • the personnel performing the work are qualified for the task • personal protectors appropriate for the task are worn • the work permit system is complied with • the working conditions (the process, equipment and working methods) are safe. Employee’s obligations and responsibilities Each person working in the area must • follow any safety instructions and regulations • wear the designated safety equipment • look after their own safety and health, as well as those of others • ensure the tidiness and order of their work site. An employee must inform their supervisor of any safety-related defects and anomalies and, if possible, rectify the situation immediately. The user must always inform the customer of any faults and defects in structures, technical equipment and buildings that were discovered during use. Customers are responsible for repairing their own equipment and structures. Users are only allowed to repair equipment if the customer has given permission to do so and has provided appropriate training. The customer must also be informed of any defects detected when the equipment or structures are not in use. 13 SU MM AR Y O F R E S PO NS I B I L I TI ES A ND OB L I G AT I ONS The conditions in a working environment may change while work is being carried out. To ensure personal safety, each person must keep an eye on what is happening around him/her. If an alarm occurs, follow the instructions given.
S UM MA R Y OF R ES PONS I B I L I TI ES A ND OB L I G AT I ONS K now your obligations and responsibilities! Supplier’s obligations and responsibilities Each supplier must comply with their contractual obligations and responsibilities, ensure that laws and regulations are adhered to and insure their employees. Suppliers are to make sure that their employees have received up-to-date general safety training for the area. To work in an industrial area, each person must have appropriate professional skills and safety-related qualifications for their tasks. When providing another supplier or a customer with labour force, each supplier must ensure that supervisory tasks are taken care of. Each supplier is responsible for the appropriate storage of their mate14 rials and tools, as agreed upon with the customer. Suppliers must also ensure order and safety at their work site. A representative of the customer must be informed of any deviant circumstances (such as accidents and dangerous situations) without delay. Immediately after work is completed, a supplier must • remove any equipment, supplies, installation waste, temporary constructions and scaffolding from the work site • ensure the order and tidiness of the work site • inform the supervisor that the work has been completed • return any access keys.
Warning A safe and healthy working environment is a result of collaboration between all parties. Our aim is to have the whole team in the industrial park and at the port strive towards a common goal. To achieve this, all parties need to comply with the same instructions, regulations and laws. A warning can be given after two cautions. If the defect is serious, a warning can be given directly. Each warning is valid for 12 months. These aberrations are also registered in the joint system for the area. Because the safety of the entire area is at stake, supervisors, customers and the safety personnel have the right to intervene if instructions are ignored. When a defect is detected, the performer of the work can be cautioned, given a warning or even removed from the area for a specified time. After two warnings, an employee is prohibited from working. The length of the prohibition is determined by the person banning an employee from working. Verbal caution A verbal caution is a prompt to rectify a defect immediately. Cautions are registered in a joint aberration system for the area, and each caution is valid for six months. Prohibition from working Before returning to work, the employee must re-complete the general orientation for the area. If an offence is serious, the person can be immediately prohibited from working and removed from the area. The person’s supervisor and the company management will be informed of any sanctions. 15 NEGL EC TI NG TH E S A F ETY I NS T R UC T I ONS Neglecting the safety instructions
INS TR UC TI ONS F OR ENVI R ONMENTA L P R OT EC T I ON I nform your supervisor, an overseer or the supplier’s foreman/ forewoman of any environmental damages without delay. Special attention is paid in the industrial park and the Port of Kokkola to environmental protection and sustainable development. It is a subcontractor’s responsibility to determine with the customer what, if any, environmental risks are involved in the work and to make sure that the subcontractor’s employees take these risks into consideration. The companies in the area produce high-quality products, whose purity and safety are essential. If necessary, make sure to protect the process and the environment from any material resulting from your work. Because of the different nature of various operators, separate trainings are given on the topic. 16 • To ensure safety and prevent emissions into the environment... • any work must be performed so that it does not generate detrimental noise or dust • operations should not result in emissions that enter the soil, subsoil water, waterways of the air • any waste is to be sorted appropriately at its place of generation, following valid sorting instructions • nothing can be introduced into the sewage system of the industrial area without relevant permission • no waste is to be taken to the process waste areas without a separate permission.
In the case of environmental damage, actions must be taken immediately to prevent harmful substances from entering the environment and to limit their access. If a harmful substance enters the environment, proceed as follows: • Inform a representative of the customer organisation (a supervisor or an overseer) of the environ- mental hazard or damage. • Do your best to stop the hazard or damage from becoming more serious, to remove any hazards (such as oil) and to clean the site. • Determine the causes of the hazard or damage and any environmental effects it may have had. 17
General fire protection A risk of fire must be avoided everywhere in the area. You can do a lot to improve fire safety through your actions. To ensure fire safety, take into consideration the following: • Take note of any automatic fire detectors in the premises. • The risks caused by flammable or explosive gases are highest during hot work and electric work. • The risk of fire can be reduced through general tidiness and good order, as well as by removing any fireloads generated during the work from the site. 18 • Passages and doorways must be kept clear for rescue and fire extinguishing purposes. • Liquid fuels, gas containers and other dangerous chemicals must be stored in places designated by the customer. • Gas containers must be stored in carts or on racks and supported properly. After working hours, carts with containers must be moved to the designated place of storage. Any empty containers must be removed immediately from the site to the designated place.
Premises with a fire or explosion hazard • Premises with an explosion hazard are marked with an EX sign. The premises in the area are classified as regular and as premises with a fire or explosion hazard. Unauthorised entry to the premises with a fire or explosion hazard is not allowed. Smoking and open flames are strictly forbidden on such premises. Flammable liquids, gases or explosive dust may be present to such an extent that they create a temporary or constant risk of fire. • Mobile phones and other electronic devices must be kept away from EX premises. • Only non-sparking special tools are allowed in EX premises. • Instructions on the work permit, regarding equipment and working methods, must be adhered to. 19 INSTRUCTIONS FOR FIRE PROTECTION Y ou can do a lot to improve fire safety through your actions.
DANGEROUS GOODS P lease note that asphyxiant gases may be used in closed spaces in the area! Dangerous goods Goods classified as dangerous are used, stored and produced in the industrial park. They may have many dangerous properties. • Corrosive substances, such as strong acids and alkalis, can cause skin burns and damage the eyes. • Oxidising substances, such as oxygen and hydrogen peroxide, can advance fire. Properties of dangerous goods • Toxic substances may present a health hazard. • Flammable substances present a risk of fire or explosion. • Asphyxiant substances, such as nitrogen and carbon dioxide, displace oxygen in the premises and, thus, present a risk of asphyxiation. 20 • Some gases, such as ammonia and sulphur dioxide, are toxic and corrosive. • Some chemicals can cause health hazards and have long-term effects. They may, for example, cause cancer, genetic defects, reduced fertility or, if inhaled, allergies.
The CLP compliant pictograms in the table indicate the dangerous properties of chemicals. DANGEROUS GOODS Warning pictogram Danger classification Explosive GHS-01 Flammable GHS-02 Oxidising GHS-03 Gas under pressure or liquid gas GHS-04 Corrosive, can cause serious eye injuries GHS-05 Acute toxicity GHS-06 GHS-07 Serious health hazard – carcinogenic, mutagenic, respiratory sensitizers, may cause organ damage, may reduce fertility or damage unborn children 21
DANGEROUS GOODS R emember gas measurement and wear appropriate protective equipment! Acute toxicity, may cause skin, eye, or respiratory irritation, skin sensitizers GHS-08 Hazardous to the environment GHS-09 22
Properties of dangerous substances Substance and its dangerous properties Chlorine A greenish yellow gas with an acrid smell. Approximately 2.5 times heavier than air. Can cause or advance a fire. Oxidising. Ammonia A colourless gas with an acrid smell. Lighter than air. When vapourising, liquid ammonia first forms a white fog that turns colourless when the gas content becomes lower. Hydrogen sulphite A colourless gas with a strong smell of rotten eggs. Heavier than air, with a density of 1.2. Hydrogen sulphite is a reductant that can react strongly with oxidising substances. Effects on health and the environment and the nature of a potential catastrophe Irritating to the eyes and airways. Can cause coughing and tears. Dangerous when inhaled in high concentrations. Toxic, harmful to the environment Irritating to the eyes and airways. Can cause coughing and tears. Dangerous when inhaled in high concentrations. Toxic, harmful to the environment. Hydrogen sulphite is a dangerous respiratory toxin and cytotoxin. Even low concentrations can irritate the mucous membranes and airways. Irritation occurs, in particular, in the eyes, causing redness and inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea. Extremely flammable. Hazardous to the environment. Sulphur dioxide A colourless gas with an acrid smell. Irritating to the eyes and airways. Can Heavier than air. Not flammable or ex- cause coughing and tears. Dangerous plosive. when inhaled in high concentrations. Toxic. 23 P R O P E R T I E S O F D A N G E R O U S S U B S TA N C E S The most common dangerous chemicals used in the industrial park, their dangerous properties, effects on health and the environment and the nature of a potential catastrophe:
P R O P E R T I E S O F D A N G E R O U S S U B S TA N C E S Hydrogen chloride (a.k.a. hydrochloric acid ) A light yellow liquid with an acrid smell. Irritating to the eyes, causes coughing and a feeling of asphyxiation. Can be dangerous when inhaled in high concentrations. Toxic (as gas). Corrosive (as gas and liquid). Bromine A reddish yellow, vapourising liquid. Irritating to the skin, very corrosive. Heavier than air when in gaseous state. Even a small amount of vapour can irritate the respiratory organs, eyes and skin. Life-threatening if inhaled. Very toxic. Hazardous to the environment. Propane Outdoors, the colourless propane forms clouds that are heavier than air and collect in low-lying places. When the substance leaks in liquid form, the gas cloud can be partly visible. The flammable area is not necessarily limited to the cloud. When the substance leaks as gas, the gas cloud is invisible. The substance is odourless, or it has a slightly sweet smell. The greatest risk is that propane is highly flammable. After ignition, a mixture of propane and air burns with a swoosh. If a person is trapped inside the cloud, the resulting injuries are serious. Flammable liquids: petrol, diesel, kerosene, heavy fuel oils and organic hydrocarbon compounds Very flammable liquids. Gas is heavier The vapour from burning liquids is than air and can form an explosive irritating to the eyes and airways. High mixture with it. concentrations can cause headaches, nausea and faintness. High risk of ignition at leaking points. Flammable, can be fatal if inhaled; can cause chronic health problems; hazardous to the environment (kerosene, diesel and fuel oils). Extremely flammable; can cause chronic health problems; hazardous to the environment (petrols). Hazardous to the environment. 24
Dimethyl sulphate Difficult to detect by colour or smell. Very toxic. Corrosive. Colourless or yellowish. A slightly sweet smell. Heavier than air in gaseous state. Thionyl chloride A colourless or yellowish liquid with an acrid smell. Reacts strongly with water. Hydrogen chloride and sulphur dioxide are released during the reaction. Hydrogen Colourless and odourless. Extremely flammable. A flame fuelled by hydrogen can be difficult to detect. Contact with it causes burns. The lightest of all gases. In a closed space, hydrogen rises up and forms a flammable mixture in the upper part of the space. Irritating to the eyes and airways. Can cause coughing and tears. Can be dangerous when inhaled in high concentrations. The gas cloud can cause irritation symptoms even hundreds of meters away from the source of emission. Corrosive. Pure hydrogen gas is not toxic. Inhalation of hydrogen gas turns a human voice shrill. In high concentrations, it displaces oxygen and can cause asphyxiation in a closed space. No harmful effects on the environment have been discovered. 25 P R O P E R T I E S O F D A N G E R O U S S U B S TA N C E S T he contents of a chemical container must correspond to the marking on the container!
P R O P E R T I E S O F D A N G E R O U S S U B S TA N C E S Hydrogen peroxide <50% A colourless liquid. Odourless or has Causes serious damages to the eyes, ira slightly acrid smell. Oxidising. Not ritates the skin and airways. Corrosive. flammable in a liquid state, but being a strong oxidiser, it can accelerate and maintain burning. Risk of degradation when heated or when in contact with incompatible substances. Risk of explosion when stored in closed containers because the pressure rises quickly. Causes a risk of fire with flammable substances. Oxygen A colourless and odourless gas that is slightly heavier than air. Liquid oxygen is light blue in colour and very cold. A strong oxidant. Oxygen leaks cause a risk of ignition in closed spaces and increases the intensity of fire. Clothing and other materials saturated with oxygen ignite easily. Croton aldehyde A yellowish liquid with an acrid smell. Heavier than air in gaseous state. Reactive. Can form explosive mixtures of vapour and air. Burnt lime Calcium oxide a.k.a. burnt lime (CaO) is an odourless, white, light yellow or light grey powder with a grainy or fine consistency. It is hygroscopic, meaning it absorbs water. Calcium oxide can react with air humidity to form calcium hydroxide. 26 Direct contact with liquid oxygen and exposure to cold oxygen gas can cause frost damage to the skin and eyes. A fire fuelled by an oxygen leak is violent and difficult to extinguish. Irritating to the respiratory organs and skin. Serious risk of eye damage. Very toxic. Very flammable. Hazardous to the environment. Strongly irritating to respiratory organs and skin. Serious risk of eye damage. Reacts with humidity to produce heat, causing burns and corrosive injuries. The reaction produces enough heat to ignite flammable substances.
First aid instructions in the case of a chemical accident Call 112 and read the safety data sheet! If a chemical is inhaled Skin Take the person into fresh air immediately. Provide additional oxygen, if possible. Rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Further treatment in accordance with the severity of the injury. If a chemical is swallowed Eyes Rinse the mouth. If swallowing problems, increased salivation, vomiting or a stomach ache occur, take the patient immediately to a doctor or hospital. Do not incur vomiting. Do not administer medicinal charcoal. Never feed an unconscious person anything. Rinse immediately with plenty of water or eye wash bottles for 30 minutes. Take the patient for examination by a doctor. Continue rinsing on the way to treatment. 27 ACTI ONS I N THE C A S E OF A C H EMI C A L ACC I DENT N ote: symptoms can occur even two days after the incident!
General alarm or gas-related danger AC TI ONS WH EN TH E A LA R M S OUNDS The general alarm is a siren that rises and falls continuously for one minute. The test alarm is a steady sound from loudspeakers and sirens that lasts for 7 seconds. Testing instructions for alarms Alarms are tested by sounding the sirens at noon on the first business day Monday of every month, and with a voice message directly after: HÄLYTTIMIEN KOKEILU. PROV ALARM. TESTING SIRENS. 1. The purpose of the testing is to check that the alarm system is in operating condition. The test does not necessitate any actions from the public. 2. The emergency number 112 is not for inquiry calls. Other sound signals In addition, various parties have department-specific sirens and sound signals (for local exceeding of gas concentration limits, for example). Further information on these is provided during task-specific orientation. 28
Actions to be taken when the alarm sounds 1. 2. 3. 4. Proceed to a meeting place and remain there. Report immediately to the person in charge at the meeting place and inform him/her who you are, where you work and who your employer is. Close doors, windows and ventilation openings and switch off air conditioners. Turn on the radio and wait for instructions from the authorities. Follow the instructions provided. Avoid using the telephone, so as not to block the lines. To avoid danger, do not leave the area without instructions or permission to do so from the authorities. In abnormal circumstances, seek shelter immediately. The ‘danger over’ signal is a steady sound signal that lasts one minute. It means that the threat or danger has passed. 29 AC TI ONS WH EN TH E A LA R M S OUNDS The general alarm indicates an immediate threat to the public. If you hear the alarm, proceed as follows:
C A L L I NG F OR H EL P F ind out where the initial extinguishing equipment, first-aid supplies, eye wash bottles and emergency showers are located. If you are not sure whether the current situation qualifies as an emergency, it is always wiser to call 112 than not to call. When to call 112? • When you come across an emergency or the presence of authorities is needed urgently • When you know or suspect that somebody’s life, health, property or the environment is threatened Call the emergency number 112 when, for example • you discover an accident or a fire • you discover a crime has been or is being committed • an ambulance is needed. 30 If possible, make the emergency call yourself. Whenever possible, it is recommended that the emergency call is made by the person involved in the matter. He/she usually has information that the emergency call centre staff need when determining whether and what kind of help is need-ed. In the worst case, a call from a go-between can cause delays in the arrival of help. The person making an emergency call should know his/her location. The most important details are the address, factory and/or department, as well as the entrance number. The more detailed the location information, the more quickly help can arrive.
KIP KOKKOLAN SUURTEOLLISUUSALUE 5 Kokoontumispaikat Väestönsuojat TI E AN AWT-VARASTO 1 AA LL ON M UR JOKASÄÄN TERMINAALI (AWT) TA J A R EA M A P, S OUT H Sataman koontumispaikat/väestönsuojat P IMO-KONTTIEN ODOTUSALUE 2 VARASTO 1 VARASTO 9 VARASTO 6 1 VÅGB VARASTO 3 ÄGEN RYTARV VARASTO 4 RA 3 S2 VARASTO 7 R S LAVAPAKKAAMO YARA REHU E TI E3 S1 HA KA TU KEMIRANTIE FOSFATVÄGEN HAMNTULLSVÄGEN AN AM AT AS NT KA KON E VER PAJAN T KST ADS IE VÄG EN FOSFAATINTIE GEN IE TULLINT SATAMA STAMHAMNSVÄ OY M.RAUANHEIMO AB REHUFOSFAATTITEHT TUOTEVARASTO TULLI JA RAJAVARTIOLAITOS KORJAAMO SA STRANDKAJSVÄGEN TIE RIN ITU A TAL RAN E AJANTI MURT VARASTO 8 W AALLON KANTASATAMA MERIMIESKIRKKO INT IE AHTAAJANTIE STUVARVÄGEN SATAMAKONTTORI NT AL AIT UR SVÄGEN STRANDKAJ J KALKKI VARAST KIP IN HUOLT KEMIRAVÄG SA TA M AK AT U HAMNGATAN TU KA Ä TS ME 32 0 Versio 1.7 500 m AN AT SG OG SK K K
JÄÄHDYTYSVESIALLAS IMO-KONTTIEN ODOTUSALUE 2 SELKEYTYSALLAS 1 HOPEAKIVEN SATAMA SELKEYTYSALLAS 2 1 LÄJITYSALUE PALOVESIALLAS SATAMAKONTTORI TERMINAALI SOIHTU OY OTTO RODEN AB VARASTO KEMIKAALIEN PURKUASEMA FOSFORIHAPPOPURKAAMO SAHARANTIE CABB OY MANTSINTIE WOIKOSKI PESUHAPPOALTAAT MONI-1 TEHDAS SYNTEESILAITOS RANTALAITURINTIE SUOLA-AUKIO TETRA SALTPLATSEN KALSIUMKOLRIDITEHDAS LCP KOKKOLAN KALISUOLAVARASTO SULFAATTIVARASTO YARA SULFAATTITEHDAS TEKIJÄNTIE KEMIRAVÄGEN KONTTORI VOIMALAITOS TILLVERKARVÄGEN KALSIUMKLORIDISÄKITTÄMÖ VERKSTADSVÄGEN AUTOVARASTO RIKKIHAPONTIE VARASTO (RHTEHDAS 2) OUTOKUMPUVÄGEN RUOKALA KALKKIKIVIVARASTO VERSTASTIE VARASTO (RHTEHDAS 3) OUTOKUMMUNTIE KESKUSKORJAAMO SVAVELSYRAVÄGEN SULFAATINTIE KORJAAMO GÖDSELVÄGEN RIKKIHAPONTIE P4 BOLIDEN Rikkihappotehdas Toimisto- ja huoltorakennus SULFATVÄGEN LANNOITETIE KIP INFRAN HUOLTOHALLI LABORATORIO KERHOTALO E1 KEMIRANTIE KEMIRAVÄGEN P3 VOIMALANTIE KRAFTVERKSVÄGEN NESTE KRAFTVERKSVÄGEN N1 PARISTOTIE OKU OUT K1 VARASTO MIKONTIE KESKUSHUOLTOLA MANTSINTIE NTIE FOSFATVÄGEN E3 VARMUUSVARASTO KALKKIKIVIVARASTO (NORDKALK OY) VARAOSAVARASTO GEN KALKKIJAUHEVARASTO HAPPILAITOS (Polasrgas Oy 3) PALO- VARASTO ASEMA EN MIKKOSVÄG FOSFAATINTIE YARA REHU JAUHATUSASEMA (NORDKALK OY) KÄYTTÖKESKUS MIKONTIE MANTSVÄGEN REHUFOSFAATTI SÄKITTÄMÖ RAVÄ REHUFOSFAATTITEHTAAN TUOTEVARASTO SAHA STRANDKAJSVÄGEN SYVÄSATAMANTIE S3 KOKKOLAN VOIMA OY MMU OKU OUT KOKKOLAN VOIMA OY NTIE 33 K1 MPU EN VÄG
KOKKOLAN TEOLLISUUSVESI RAAKA-AINE- Co ALLOY LIUOTTO ROSTVERKSVÄGEN EN PASUTTO PASUTONTIE RIKASTEVARASTO 2 RIKASTEVARASTO 1 SPRINKLERIJÄRJESTELMÄN PUMPPURAKENNUS HOPEAN TALTEENOTTO SIVUTUOTE JÄTEALUE (BOLIDEN KOKKOLA OY) Sataman koontumispaikat/väestönsuojat Väestönsuojat Kokoontumispaikat KIP KOKKOLAN SUURTEOLLISUUSALUE PASUTEKUJA ROSTGODSGRÄNDEN ÄG PESUHAPPOALTAAT H GV PASUTONTIE UP DJ EN ÄN SAHARANTIE S3 SYVÄSATAMANTIE G VÄ NS SS AM AJONEUVON PESUASEMA SYVÄSATAMA SINKKI VARASTO VARASTO 6 BA OY OTTO RODEN AB 7 8 SYVÄLAITURINTIE SATAMAKONTTORI 1 HOPEAKIVEN SATAMA 9 VARASTO 3 VARASTO 2 VARASTO 1 VARASTO 4 VARASTO 5 JUNANVAUNUN KAATOLAITE TERMINAALI (RTWW) TIE FOSFORIHAPPOPURKAAMO TERMINAALI 2 IMO-KONTTIEN ODOTUSALUE 10 DJUPKAJSVÄGEN SY 11 TI E 12 AN 34 AT AM P VÄ S A R EA M A P, NOR T H AL LA S KULLERVO MYLLYKOSKEN TIE
NESTE OUTOKUMMUNTIE OUTOKUMPUVÄGEN N1 TILLVERKARVÄGEN TEKIJÄNTIE KOBOLTTITIE 35 P1 ZINKBÅGEN IE ENLAHDENT HOPEAKIV LABORATORIO SINKKIKAARI KULLERVO MYLLYKOSKIS VÄG VARASTO METALLVÄGEN METALLITIE TUOTEVARASTO OKU OUT MM IE UNT OUTO KUM PUV ÄGE N 0 NSB SILVERSTE TARVEAINEVARASTO BOLIDEN KONTTORI TEHDASPALVELU PARISTOTIE METALLITIE TUOTEVARASTO VALIMO N UKTSVÄGE KYTKINASEMA MERIMAJANTIE KEMIKAALIVARASTO BOLIDEN KOKKOLA OY METALLITEHTAANTIE SINKKIAUKIO ZINKPLATSEN VIERAILIJAKESKUS HR -KESKUS HUOLTOLA RUOKALA SINKKITIE PATTERI MARKKINOINTI METALLVERKSVÄGEN UPU PULVERI VETYLAITOS KOBOLTTIAUKIO KOBOLTPLATSEN FREEPORT COBALT VARASTO SÄHKÖ/ INST TP ZN-ELEKTROLYYSI BATTERIVÄGEN LABORATORIO FREEPORT COBALT KONTTORI ELEKTROLYYSINKAARI KATODIKUJA KATODGRÄNDEN ELEKTROLYSBÅGEN KELTAINEN TALO TERVEYSASEMA KOE SEMI2 VARASTO SEMI1 HOPEAN TALTEENOTTO SIVUTUOTE KULLERVO MYLLYKOSKEN TIE PARISTOTIE P3 PIIPPUTIE METALLITEHTAANTIE KEMIKAALI Co UUTTO KEMIKAALIKUJA KEMIRAVÄGEN SKORSTENSVÄGEN PALOASEMA SUOJAINHUOLTO KOBOLTVÄGEN SULFAATTITEHDAS PIIPPU TIE SULFAATTIVARASTO KEMIKALIEGRÄNDEN Cu ELEKTROLYYSI PASUTTO PASUTONTIE PASUTEKUJA ROSTGODSGRÄNDEN ZINKVÄGEN KUNNOSSAPITO RAAKA-AINEVARASTO KOBOLTTITIE KOKKOLAN ENERGIA VOIMALAITOS KOKKOLAN TEOLLISUUSVESI LIUOTTO ROSTVERKSVÄGEN Co ALLOY PUHDISTAMO RIKKIHAPONTIE VARASTO (RHTEHDAS 2) P4 PASUTONTIE SINKKITIE Toimisto- ja huoltorakennus VARASTO (RHTEHDAS 3) PESUHAPPOALTAAT S3 SUORALIUOTUS KALISUOLAVARASTO HAPPILAITOS (Polasrgas Oy 3) BOLIDEN Rikkihappotehdas SAHARANTIE FOSFORIHAPPOPURKAAMO EN TIE MERIMAJAVÄGEN 500 m Versio 1.7
Call the emergency number 112 in a genuine, urgent emergency, when somebody’s life, health or property or the environment is threatened or if you have reason to suspect that this is the case. When you call 112... • answer any questions asked • follow the instructions provided • do not end the call until you have been told you can do so. After the call... • inform the Port Tower of the situation by calling 06 828 2490 • avoid using your phone, so as not to block the lines and so that rescuers can contact you • guide and ensure unobstructed access to the destination. The address to this location: The Kokkola Industrial Park Company: Department/destination: Entrance number: 36 KIP 1/2015 EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS CALL